Here at Od Yosef Hai, we are privileged to have a sought-after Talmid Chacham giving all his time to the community needs. The Rabbi was under the guidance and tutelage of Chief Rabbi the Rishon LeZion for 12 years, gaining Rabbinical ordination (smicha) from the Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem Rav Shalom Mashash as well as the Rishon LeZion Rav Mordechai Eliyahu z”l. Whilst we cannot replicate and reproduce other shiurim given at other locations without permission – we do have a selection for those who are interested and have been unable to attend.
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Please give the media files a few moments to upload the audio before it starts playing. Enjoy the incredible insights…Zrizim Makdimim:Tefillah:Zmanim for Tefillah – Part 1:Zmanim for Tefillah – Part 2:Zmanim for Tefillah – Part 3Zmanim for Tefillah – Part 4:
More to follow in the near future…
In modern language this term denotes a rate of interest greater than that which the law or public opinion permits; but the Biblical law, in all dealings among Israelites, forbids all “increase” of the debt by reason of lapse of time or forbearance, be the rate of interest high or low, while it does not impose any limit in dealings between Israelites and Gentiles. Hence in discussing Jewish law the words “interest” and “usury” may be used indiscriminately. There are three Biblical passages which forbid the taking of interest in the case of “brothers,” but which permit, or seemingly enjoin, it when the borrower is a Gentile, namely, Ex. xxii. 24; Lev. xxv. 36, 37; Deut. xxiii. 20, 21.
The Hebrew word for “usury” is “neshek,” meaning literally “a bite,” from its painfulness to the debtor; while in Lev. xxv. 36, 37 “increase” is the rendering of the Hebrew “marbit” or “tarbit” which denotes the gain on the creditor’s side, and which in the later Hebrew becomes “ribbit.” Lending on usury or increase is classed by Ezekiel (xviii. 13, 17) among the worst of sins. See also Ps. xv., in which among the attributes of the righteous man is reckoned the fact that he does not lend on usury. The Talmud (B. M. 61b) dwells on Ezek. xviii. 13 (Hebr.): “He has lent on usury; he has taken interest; he shall surely not live, having done all these abominations”; on the words with which the prohibition of usury in Lev. xxv. 36 closes: “Thou shalt be afraid of thy God”; and on the further words in which Ezekiel (l.c.) refers to the usurer: “He shall surely suffer death; his blood is upon him”; hence the lender on interest is compared to the shedder of blood. (Taken from www.jewishencyclopedia.com)Introduction to Ribbit:Audio PlayerTorah and Rabbinical Definitions:Audio PlayerBava Metzia 60b:Audio PlayerBava Metzia 60b – 61a:Audio PlayerBava Metzia 61a Further Aspects:Audio PlayerBava Metzia 60b Continuedt:Audio PlayerGezel – Inyanim:Audio PlayerGezel – Inyanim – Tosafot:Audio PlayerBava Metzia – 61b:Audio PlayerLo Tignov – Continued:Audio PlayerLo Tognov – 61b:Audio Player
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It is in the nature of man to long for the acquisition of wealth. But of all the illegal commercial transactions, usury is the most common. In robbery or fraud, the victim usually tries to defend himself, and the perpetrator is often inhibited by shame or fear. When a person takes interest on a loan, however, the borrower gives it voluntarily; and he is happy that he could find a person from whom he could borrow even at a high rate of interest. The lender is also under the impression that he is doing a great favor to the borrower, who can, by means of the loan, profit many times the amount of the interest. Therefore, it is very easy for a man to be caught in the snare of usury, God forbid. And it is precisely for this reason that our Holy Torah is very strict about this law, and enjoins many specific regulations regarding it. He who lends on interest, transgresses six prohibitory laws and will not be included in the resurrection of the dead; as it is written (Ezekiel 18:13): “He hath given forth upon interest, and hath taken increase; shall he then live? He shall not live.” The borrower transgresses three prohibitory laws; the scribe, the witnesses, and the broker who negotiated the loan, as well as anyone who was instrumental in bringing about the loan-even if only by pointing out a person from whom one could borrow, or by telling the lender to whom he could lend-all these transgress one prohibitory law. (Taken from mind serpent.com)
Please find a selection of essays on relevant and important topics available for download. The distributor is open to receiving questions and comments on these issues – for the Torah should be understood and accessible to all those who desire to learn.